For travelers planning a Brazil vacation, a frequent question is: what’s the weather like in ___ [fill in the blank with a month or a place] all Brazil’s extensive territory, spread across many latitudes and with varying distances from bodies of water, endows it with an immense diversity of climates and micro-climates, making the weather question very specific to the Brazil travel destination or itinerary.
Some general guidelines: for travel in Brazil near the Equator, expect warm temperatures around the year. A second rule of thumb applies for travelers from the north. This is that the seasons in the southern hemisphere are opposite those of the north. In Florianopolis, for example, summer is from December to March and winter is from June to August. This is important to keep in mind for travelers for who are seeking to escape specific weather conditions at home, for example cold winters or heat and humidity. Other parts of Brazil, Salvador de Bahia, for example, enjoy congenial climates nearly all year, and indeed it is possible to find a Brazil vacation destination to suit almost any climatic preference.
Temperatures are generally warmer in the north of Brazil compared to the south. Average annual temperatures in the north hover around the high 20s C (high 80s F), whereas in the south the annual average temperature is 20 C (68 F). Perhaps contrary to images of Brazil as an eternal tropical paradise, the south and southeast regions do experience a well-defined winter season. Indeed, in some destinations, temperatures can drop to 0 C (30 F) and can receive frost or snowfall. At the other extreme, destinations such as Salvador easily creep up to a sweltering 40 C (104 C) in the summer. For travelers in search of sun-drenched relaxation, definitely plan your Brazil vacation for the southern hemisphere’s summer months, as this is when the ocean waters are warmest, fresh coconut water is in season, and the beaches are at their most inviting.
The mountain areas as well as the plateaus also have their own climates characterized by wet and dry seasons and a full range of temperatures. In these places, it’s important to travel with a light jacket, as temperatures can turn within a few hours. For travel to the Pant anal, Brazil’s extensive wetlands, it’s important to consider whether it’s the wet season (November to March) or the dry season as this will affect the ease of travel and the types of wildlife available to spot.